Running the Numbers

What would the United States look like if every American were a runner? Mizuno asked the UNC Kenan-Flagler Business School to find out.

Graphic of a circle with "135M More Victory Beers" and two beers cheering in the middle.
Courtesy of Mizuno If every American were a runner, we would drink 135 million more victory beers, according to a report from the UNC Kenan-Flagler Business School.
April 7th, 2014

Runners are a special breed of people. They endure early mornings, bad weather, sore joints, and many lonely miles of pavement—for what? To lose weight? To feel healthier? Any runner would tell you the health aspect is only the beginning. But how do you explain the benefits of running in a way that isn’t boring or preachy?

Mizuno Running came up with an idea: instead of showing how one person could benefit from running, show how an entire population could benefit. It was a bold, new concept and would require a vast amount of research and analysis. Mizuno’s advertising agency knew it didn’t have the resources for that kind of project, so it contacted the UNC Kenan-Flagler Business School.

“They didn’t have much more than a concept at that point,” says Michael Schinelli, chief marketing officer at the school. “But they knew they needed to have a credible statistical analysis to make the campaign effective.”

UNC Kenan-Flagler regularly connects small teams of students with companies who have a specific need, typically though the STAR program. In STAR, students spend a semester working on a project and receive class credit. “We create a formal, disciplined consulting project based on a problem the company has,” Schinelli says. “It’s a rigorous consulting experience for the students and delivers real solutions to the companies.”

Schinelli suggested that Mizuno might be interested in using the STAR program to develop its idea. But Mizuno’s timeline didn’t allow for a semester—the company wanted results within one month.

One month? No problem. Schinelli went straight to work recruiting a team of MBA students. Over twenty applied, and four second-year students were selected. While they had diverse backgrounds and varied specialties, Schinelli says they all had one thing in common.

“They’re all runners—that was one of the things we thought was important for the final selection. They all understand the sport and are passionate about it.”

Ellen Kane, one of the students on the team, says that being a runner made the project more personal. “I think the information we were finding out about running would have been interesting to anybody,” she says. “But I probably had a stronger natural curiosity because it applies so directly to my life.”

The front end of the project involved hundreds of hours of research. The group broke the data into two categories: the health implications and social implications if an entire population took up running. The students gathered a massive amount of information, then analyzed the numbers for the findings that would have the biggest impact for society as a whole.

And what did they find? If everyone in the United States were a runner, we would save up to $143 billion in health-care costs, and our GDP would increase by $25 billion. Americans would be healthier, smarter, richer, and more fun. We would spend 7 billion more hours outside and drink 135 million more victory beers. If all the dog owners in the country started taking their dogs running, we’d have 63 million happier dogs. Schinelli says all of the findings, including the more lighthearted ones, are based on peer-reviewed scientific studies.

“They looked for the things they thought would be the most fun, the most interesting, and the most eye-opening,” Schinelli says. “Both for people who don’t run and might want to understand the benefits of it, but also just for runners, to confirm what they might have sensed about the positive benefits of running, and to introduce a lot of other factors they might not have considered.”

Kane says her favorite statistic from the project is that our country would have 20 million more great-grandmothers. “Obviously it points to life expectancy, and that was where we started with that statistic,” she says. An important part of the project, however, was giving numbers meaning by moving away from statistical jargon. “If you just talk about life expectancy, it sounds impersonal. But if you put it in the context of your grandparents, or great-grandparents, you’re reminded of what’s most important about living a longer, healthier life,” Kane says.

“That’s what this project was really about: thinking about all the happiness that comes with good health.”

Michael Schinelli is the chief marketing officer at the UNC Kenan-Flagler Business School. Ellen Kane, Deepak Gopalakrishna, Jessica Newfield, and Chris Campbell conducted the research for the project, and worked with McKinney to produce the final numbers for the marketing campaign.