Making Scientists

Thanks to an industry partnership with Eastman and the Eastman Foundation, UNC’s BeAM makerspace program provides the resources for free 3-D printing to all students, faculty, and staff — encouraging a culture of creativity at Carolina.

Featured Video Play Icon
January 17th, 2018

A green, speckled spadefoot toad sits on a platform in the middle of a kiddie pool. She waits there patiently until a nearby male snags her attention with a mating call — it sounds like the creak of a door on a rusty hinge. In response, the female leaps into the water and swims to the edge of the pool.

But the male toad doesn’t react. Why? Upon closer inspection, he’s made of plastic — even though he has a fully functioning vocal sack that blows up like a balloon when he calls. As air pumps through a tube attached to his back to inflate the sack, a mating call pours out of a nearby speaker.

a female researcher holds two 3-D printed spadefoot toads

Catherine Chen, a UNC PhD student in the Department of Biology, shows off a set of plastic spadefoot toads that she created to aid her research on their mating habits.

Catherine Chen — a UNC PhD student studying how auditory signals affect the mating decisions of female spadefoot toads — spent two months this past summer designing her pseudo amphibians with Charlie Cummings, the former director of UNC’s makerspace program. “I had this idea — and no clue how to make it happen,” Chen admits. “Charlie helped me plan it out and came up with a lot of the actual mechanics.”

After 3-D scanning a preserved toad into the computer, Chen used a 3-D Printer to create its plastic counterpart. Then, Cummings helped her set up the tubing system and an Arduino — an open-source prototyping platform for creating interactive electronic objects — to sync the motion of the vocal sack with the speakers.

an up-close view of two 3-D printed spadefoot toads

A friend helped Chen paint the 3-D printed toads to look true-to-form to the two species she’s studying.

“The actual mechanics of assembling everything wasn’t that bad, but getting the sound and the valves to operate together took a while,” Chen says. “But once we got it working, it felt super satisfying and awesome to be able to come up with an idea for something I didn’t really know how to do — and then get the resources and help I needed in order to actually make that happen. I have high hopes that it will lead to some cool, scientific results.”

—-

Unlike most college campuses, UNC’s BeAM (Be a Maker) makerspaces are open to students, faculty, and staff in any department. What’s more, there is no cost to use the equipment or materials found there.

What's a makerspace? Makerspaces are physical places filled with tools and machines that help people create. UNC’s makerspaces house woodworking equipment, a metal shop, electronics, a cover stich machine, laser and vinyl cutters, sewing machines and sergers, an embroidery machine, 3-D printers, and basic power tools.“I don’t know of any other program in the nation that is set up like this,” Cummings says — and the cost is worth the reward. Like Chen’s frogs. Or UNC biology major Rachael Hamm’s Braille textbook illustrations. Or the UNC-based nonprofit that makes prosthetic hands for children.

The filament — or “plastic string” — that feeds through the 3-D printers is provided by Eastman, a global advanced materials and specialty additives company headquartered in Kingsport, Tennessee. What began as a collaborative chemistry and materials science research partnership in 2013 has extended into the entire university community.

“From a research standpoint, we realize the world is changing and that 3-D printing or additive manufacturing is going to be very important,” says Steve Wright, a technology fellow at Eastman. “We’re not sure how yet, but we want to be prepared for it, so we’re doing materials research to support those types of needs. That’s why it’s important to have this capability at UNC — to achieve those goals.”

Beyond supplying the filament for the 3-D printers, Eastman also provides hands-on training workshops for using them. This past December, the materials company hosted its first of many seminars on 3-D printing technology advancement at UNC. “Our partnership with Eastman gives us access to materials and expertise that we wouldn’t have otherwise,” says Glenn Walters, technical adviser for the makerspaces and research associate within the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health.

Creating a community of makers: Since August 2016, UNC’s BeAM program has grown from 450 to more than 4,000 users and was utilized by students in over 150 courses. In Fall 2017, alone, staff oversaw 15,000 user sessions, offered nearly 2,000 training sessions, and gave tours to 2,500-plus middle school students. Currently, there are four makerspaces on campus located within the Kenan Science Library, Murray Hall, Haynes Art Center, and Carmichael Hall. A fifth, 25,000-square-foot makerspace will be built at UNC as part of the recently announced Institute for Convergent Science. The project will take approximately five years to complete. “They have really prioritized research, and they value the importance of pursuing things just because they seem interesting,” he continues. “That’s important in a makerspace — you don’t always have to have a good reason to start doing something. And their support of what we do allows us to bounce crazy ideas off them.”

The Eastman Foundation invests in initiatives and programs that focus on education, environment, empowerment and economic development. “This partnership and makerspace is a great example of opportunities to simulate real-world situations, helping students to develop interdisciplinary skills and gain hands-on experience in an academic environment,” says CeeGee McCord, director of the Eastman Foundation and Global Public Affairs.

In turn, Eastman appreciates the constructive feedback and new ideas they receive from working with students and faculty at the university. “We love that we have a fresh pair of eyes on projects,” Wright says. “We want to understand how our materials can play in a space like this, and what we can do differently. Right now, I’ve got five or six ideas to bring back to our technical people — and it’s the smallest ideas that turn into the biggest successes.”

Eastman believes in the need for students to achieve the hands-on capability to make things — and BeAM personifies that perfectly, according to Wright. “We cannot afford to be close-minded about the ways we look at addressing the big problems in the world,” he says. “Working with world-class research institutes is absolutely vital for us.”

Catherine Chen is a PhD student and graduate teaching assistant in the Department of Biology within the UNC College of Arts & Sciences.

Charlie Cummings is the former program director for the BeAM makerspace program. He left the university in December 2017 to take a faculty position within the University of Florida’s Innovation Academy.

Steve Wright is a technology fellow within the Corporate Technology Division at Eastman Chemical Company, a UNC industry partner since 2013. He is also a UNC alumnus within the Department of Chemistry’s PhD program.

Glenn Walters is the technical adviser for the BeAM makerspace program. He is also a research associate for the Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering (ESE) and director of the ESE Design Center within the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health.

CeeGee McCord is the director of global public and community affairs for the Eastman Foundation.

UNC-Chapel Hill’s partnership with Eastman is managed by the Office of Corporate & Foundation Relations. The office represents the university’s academic priorities through its strategic cultivation, solicitation, and stewardship of corporations, foundations, and industries to maximize their investment in Carolina. For more information, please contact the office’s director of business development, industry relations, Joonhyung Cho.